Religious Architecture in the City: Transatlantic Perspectives
Deutsches Haus at NYU | 42 Washington Mews | New York, NY 10003
Deutsches Haus at NYU and University Alliance Ruhr present a discussion among Courtney Bender (Columbia University), Martin Radermacher (Ruhr-University Bochum), and Avinoam Shalem (Columbia University) on the evolution of religious architecture in New York City and the Ruhr area and the transformations in society that drive these changes in the urban landscape.
The architectural presence of places of worship such as synagogues, churches, or mosques is often taken for granted due to its material persistence. Nonetheless, in contested urban space religious communities often need to make and claim space, keeping up with transformations of their urban environments and societal contexts. While in cities such as New York religious plurality seems self-evident, the position of built religion is not at all straightforward. Real estate decisions, for example, always carry theological and religious valences. In Germany’s metropolitan Ruhr area, massive demographic and societal transformations have affected religious diversity and the ways in which religious actors interact with each other in the urban space. But the current landscape of built religion on both sides of the Atlantic is not merely a result of demographic and real estate developments. The construction of new mosques, a reorientation in synagogue architecture, the sale, demolition or reuse of former places of worship have all contributed to a changed visibility of religious architecture and its place in contemporary urban areas. Religious studies and art history experts from New York and the Ruhr area will take a comparative look at the material forms of religious traditions in contemporary urban space and discuss the social and cultural context from which these religious architectures have evolved.