Within three years of achieving independence in 1947, India had adopted a secular democratic constitution subtly based on State supported caste and religious accommodations. India owes its continued survival as a multi-religious, multi-caste State to an interpretation of secularism based on such accommodations. The accommodations that made India’s version of secularism work far are now seriously challenged by altering caste and religious equations as well as assertive regionalism none of which was anticipated sixty-six years back when India became free. How India copes with these challenges will determine if India stays secular while holding itself together.
Dr.Uday Balakrishnan’s talk expands on the above, drawing on his work-in-progress on India’s first three years of independence.